Letters in Tamil, Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam / Alphabets / Pronunciation

Here we learn Tamil, Hindi, Telugu and Malayalam Alphabets / letters such as vowels and consonants in one place with their pronunciation in English.

Vowels and Consonants

Tamil - தமிழ்

Tamil letters / Tamil alphabets are known as Tamil Eluthukkal (தமிழ் எழுத்துக்கள்). Tamil letters have 12 vowels ( Uyireluttu – உயிரெழுத்து) and 18 consonants (Meyyeluttu  – மெய்யெழுத்து). These 12 vowels and 18 consonants combined to form 216 letters. It is called Uyirmey eluttu (உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து). It has one special letter called Aayutha ezhuthu (ஆய்த எழுத்து). Totally, 12+18+216+1=247 letters.

According to the nature of sound, Consonants are classified into three groups. They are Vallinam (வல்லினம்), Mellinam (மெல்லினம்) and Idayinam (இடையினம்). Letters with hard sound are called Vallinam. Letters with soft sound are called Mellinam. Letters with medium sound are called Idayinam.

Hindi - हिंदी

Hindi letters / Hindi alphabets are known as Hindi Varnamala (हिंदी वर्णमाला). Hindi letters have 13 vowels and 37 consonants. Hindi vowels are known as Hindi Swar (स्वर) and Hindi consonants are known as Hindi Vyanjan (व्यंजन)

Telugu - తెలుగు

Telugu letters / Telugu alphabets are known as Telugu Aksharaalu (తెలుగు అక్షరాలు). Telugu letters have 16 vowels and 36 consonants. Telugu vowels are known as Achchulu (అచ్చులు) and Telugu consonants are known as Hallulu (హల్లులు).

Malayalam - മലയാളം

Malayalam letters / Malayalam alphabets are known as Malayalam aksaramala (മലയാളം അക്ഷരമല). Malayalam letters have 15 vowels and 36 consonants. Malayalam vowels are known as swaram (സ്വരങ്ങൾ) and Malayalam consonants are known as vyanjanam (വ്യഞ്ജനങ്ങൾ).

Tamil, Hindi, Telugu, Malayalam - Vowels and Consonants and their pronunciation

Here we learn Tamil, Hindi, Telugu and Malayalam vowels and consonants and their pronunciation in English.

VOWELS

TAMIL

HINDI

TELUGU

MALAYALAM

a

a

a

a

aa

aa

aa

aa

i

e

i

i

ii

ee

ee

ii

u

u

u

u

uu

uu

oo

uu

e

ru

ru

r

ee

ye

roo

e

ai

i

e

ee

o

oo

ae

ai

oo

aow

ai

o

auw

अं

an

o

oo

ak

अः

aha

oa

au

 

 

 

 

au

അം

am

 

 

 

 

అం

am

:

ah

 

 

 

 

అః

ah

 

 

Total – 13

Total – 13

Total – 16

Total – 15

CONSONANTS

TAMIL

HINDI

TELUGU

MALAYALAM

க்

ik

ka

ka

ka

ங்

ng

Kha

kha

kha

ச்

ch

Ga

ga

ga

ஞ்

eng

Gha

gha

gha

ட்

it

nga

Gna

nga

ண்

inn

cha

cha

ca

த்

ith

chha

Cha

cha

ந்

inth

ja

ja

ja

ப்

ip

jha

jha

jha

ம்

im

nja

ini

nya

ய்

iy

Ta

Ta

tta

ர்

ir

Tha

Tha

ttha

ல்

il

Da

Da

dda

வ்

iv

Dha

Dha

ddha

ழ்

izh

Na

Na

nna

ள்

izhl

ta

ta

ta

ற்

ir

tha

tha

tha

ன்

in

da

da

da

 

 

dha

dha

dha

 

 

na

na

na

 

 

pa

pa

pa

 

 

pha

pha

pha

 

 

ba

ba

ba

 

 

bha

bha

bha

 

 

ma

ma

ma

 

 

ya

ya

ya

 

 

ra

ra

ra

 

 

la

la

rra

 

 

wa

va

la

 

 

sha

sa

lla

 

 

shha

Sa

llla

 

 

sa

sha

va

 

 

ha

ha

sha

 

 

क्ष

ksh

La

ssa

 

 

त्र

tra

క్ష

ksha

sa

 

 

ज्ञ

gya

Ra

ha

 

 

श्र

sra

 

 

 

 

Total – 18

Total – 37

Total – 36

Total – 36

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