Letters in Tamil | Tamil Alphabets | Tamil Eluthukkal

To learn Tamil language, Alphabets are the main part of language learning. Here you learn Tamil alphabet/Tamil letter. If you are interested to learn Tamil language, this place will help you to learn Tamil alphabet/character in Tamil and their pronunciation in English. Language is a communication tool in which knowledge, emotions and feeling convey to others. To learn Tamil language, first we learn Tamil alphabets and then learn Tamil alphabets with words and images and their pronunciation in English. Common vocabulary is one of the important sections. Common Vocabulary contains common words that we can used in daily life conversation.

Tamil letters / Tamil alphabets are known as Tamil Eluthukkal (தமிழ் எழுத்துக்கள்). Tamil letters have 12 vowels ( Uyireluttu – உயிரெழுத்து) and 18 consonants (Meyyeluttu  – மெய்யெழுத்து). These 12 vowels and 18 consonants combined to form 216 letters. It is called Uyirmey ezhuthu (உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து). It has one special letter called Aayutha ezhuthu (ஆய்த எழுத்து). Totally, 12+18+216+1=247 letters. Consonants are classified into three groups. They are Vallinam (வல்லினம்), Mellinam (மெல்லினம்) and Idayinam (இடையினம்).

Tamil Alphabets

Tamil vowels - Uyireluttu (உயிரெழுத்து)

Tamil letters have 12 vowels (உயிரெழுத்து) and one special letter Aayutha ezhuthu (ஆய்த எழுத்து). Here we learn Tamil vowels and their pronunciation in English.

VOWELS

உயிரெழுத்து – uyireluttu

a

aa

i

ii

u

uu

ae

aee

ai

o

oo

auw

ஆய்த எழுத்து – aayta eluttu

ak

Tamil consonants - Meyyeluttu (மெய்யெழுத்து)

Tamil letters have 18 consonants (மெய்யெழுத்து). Here we learn Tamil consonants and their pronunciation in English.

CONSONANTS

மெய்யெழுத்து – meyyeluttu

க்

ik

ங்

ng

ச்

ch

ஞ்

eng

ட்

it

ண்

inn

த்

ith

ந்

inth

ப்

ip

ம்

im

ய்

iy

ர்

ir

ல்

il

வ்

iv

ழ்

izh

ள்

izhl

ற்

ir

ன்

in

Read also:  A-Z Dictionary  |  Vocabulary  |  Quiz

Uyirmey eluttu (உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து)

In Tamil, 12 vowels and 18 consonants combined to form 216 letters. It is called Uyirmey eluttu (உயிர்மெய் எழுத்து).

Example:

க் + அ = க
ik+a=ka

ங் + அ = ங
ng+a=gna

ச் + அ = ச
ch+a=cha

ஞ் + அ = ஞ
eng+a=gna

ட் + அ = ட
it+a=ta

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Types of Consonants

According to the nature of sound, Consonants are classified into three groups. They are Vallinam (வல்லினம்), Mellinam (மெல்லினம்) and Idayinam (இடையினம்).

Letters with hard sound are called Vallinam. Letters with soft sound are called Mellinam. Letters with medium sound are called Idayinam.

வல்லினம்

Vallinam

மெல்லினம்

Mellinam

இடையினம்

Idayinam

ka

gna

ya

Cha

gna

ra

ta

na

la

tha

na

va

pa

ma

zha

ra

na

la

Read also: Numbers in Tamil

Learn Tamil language, you must learn Tamil Sentences and Phrases as below, it helps more strength to convey your conversations.

GREETINGS

Hello

வணக்கம் Vanakkam

Welcome

வரவேற்பு Varaverpu

Thanks

நன்றி Nanri

Congratulations

வாழ்த்துக்கள் Valttukkal

Good morning

காலை வணக்கம் Kalai vanakkam

Happy birthday

பிறந்தநாள் வாழ்த்துக்கள் Pirantanal valttukkal

I love you

நான் உன்னை காதலிக்கிறேன் Nan unnai katalikkiren

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Alphabets in other languages:

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