Russian Alphabets / Russian Letters

To learn Russian language, Alphabets are the main part of language learning. Here you learn Russian alphabet/Russian letter. If you are interested to learn Russian language, this place will help you to learn Russian alphabet/character in Russian and their pronunciation in English. Language is a communication tool in which knowledge, emotions and feeling convey to others.

To learn Russian language, first we learn Russian alphabets and then learn Russian alphabets with words and images and their pronunciation in English. Common vocabulary is one of the important sections. Common Vocabulary contains common words that we can used in daily life conversations.

Russian alphabet

Russian alphabet is called as Русский алфавит (Russkiy alfavit). Russian vowels are known as гласные (glasnyye) and Russian consonants are known as согласные (soglasnyye).

Russian is one of the popular languages in Russia over 154 million speakers to communicates their language around the world. Russian language is a Slavic language and also it is the largest native language in Europe.

Russian alphabet is also known as the Cyrillic script. Cyrillic script is a method of verbal communication used in some languages of Slavic, Mongolic, Turkic countries. Russian language is one of the most influential languages in the world.

Russian alphabet has 33 letters contains (10+1) vowels and (20+2) consonants. They are categorized by

•  10 vowels
  1 semivowel (vowels)
  20 consonants
•  2 pronunciation signs (consonants)

Russian Vowels / гласные glasnyye

Russian vowels are known as гласные (glasnyye). Russian alphabet has 10 vowels and one semivowel as shown in below table and their pronunciation in English.

VOWELS

Capital letter

Small letter

Pronunciation

А

а

a

Е

е

ye

Ё

ё

yo

И

и

i

О

о

o

У

у

u

Ы

ы

i

Э

э

e

Ю

ю

yu

Я

я

ya

Russian Semi-Vowels

SEMI-VOWEL

Capital letter

Small letter

Pronunciation

Й

й

y

Read also:  A-Z Dictionary  |  Vocabulary  |  Quiz

Russian Consonants / согласные soglasnyye

Russian consonants are known as согласные (soglasnyye). Russian alphabet has 20 consonants and also 2 consonants named, pronunciation signs
               Soft sign
               Hard sign
Soft sign acts as silent front vowel and hard sign acts as silent back vowel. The vowel [< а, о, э, у, ы >] is followed by hard consonants and vowel [< я, ё, е, ю, и >] is followed by soft consonants. The most common consonant in the Russian alphabet is “Н”.

CONSONANTS

Capital letter

Small letter

Pronunciation

Б

б

be

В

в

ve

Г

г

ge

Д

д

de

Ж

ж

zhe

З

з

ze

К

к

ka

Л

л

elj

М

м

em

Н

н

en

П

п

pe

Р

р

er

С

с

es

Т

т

te

Ф

ф

ef

Х

х

ha

Ц

ц

tse

Ч

ч

che

Ш

ш

sha

Щ

щ

shsha

SIGN CONSONANTS

ъ

Hard Sign

ь

Soft Sign

All Russian Alphabets

RUSSIAN ALPHABET

Capital

Small

Pronunciation

А

а

a

Б

б

be

В

в

ve

Г

г

ge

Д

д

de

Е

е

ye

Ё

ё

yo

Ж

ж

zhe

З

з

ze

И

и

i

Й

й

y

К

к

ka

Л

л

elj

М

м

em

Н

н

en

О

о

o

П

п

pe

Р

р

er

С

с

es

Т

т

te

У

у

u

Ф

ф

ef

Х

х

ha

Ц

ц

tse

Ч

ч

che

Ш

ш

sha

Щ

щ

shsha

ъ

Hard Sign

Ы

ы

i

ь

Soft Sign

Э

э

e

Ю

ю

yu

Я

я

ya

Read also:  Number in Russian

Learn Russian language, you must learn Russian Sentences and Phrases as below, it helps more strength to convey your Russian conversations.

SENTENCES & PHRASES

Hello

Привет Privet

Welcome

Добро пожаловать Dobro pozhalovat

Thanks

Спасибо Spasibo

Congratulations

Поздравления Pozdravleniya

Good morning

доброе утро dobroye utro

Happy birthday

С днем рождения S dnem rozhdeniya

I love you

я тебя люблю ya tebya lyublyu

Read more…

Alphabets in other languages:

Picture Vocabulary

fruit  |  vegetable  |  bird  |  animal  |  color  |  flower  |  tree  |  fish  |  insect  |  music  |  shape  |  building  |  place  |  landscape  |  body parts  |  ornament  |  school  |  hospital  |  household items  |  kitchen items  |  stationery items  |  occupation

VOCABULARY

fruit  |  VEGETABLE  |  BIRD  |  ANIMAL  |  FLOWER  |  NUMBER  |  GREETING  |  COLOR  |  DAY  |  MONTH  |  RELATIONSHIP  |  BODY PARTS  |  HOUSEHOLD ITEMS  |  KITCHEN ITEMS  |  OCCUPATION  |  STATIONERY  |  PLANET  |  SCHOOL  |  HOSPITAL  |  DISEASE  |  #all  |  play games

GRAMMAR

SYNONYM  |  ANTONYM  |  POSITIVE words  |  PREFIX  |  SUFFIX  |  VERB  |  NOUN  |  ADJECTIVE  |  SENTENCES  |  1000 words  |  come  |  did  |  how  |  my  |  please  |  she  |  this  |  what  |  when  |  where  |  who  |  why  |  thank  |  #all

Leave a Reply