Letters in Kannada / Kannada Alphabets / Kannada Varnamalegalu

Kannada letters / Kannada alphabets are known as Kannada Varnamalegalu (ಕನ್ನಡ ವರ್ಣಮಾಲೆಗಳು). Kannada alphabets are classified into three groups and it has 49 (13+2+34) letters.

  1. Swaragalu
  2. Yogavahagalu
  3. Vyanjanagalu

Kannada alphabets have 13 vowels and these vowels are known as Kannada Swaragalu (ಸ್ವರಗಳು). Kannada has 2 letters which are partly vowel and partly consonant. These 2 letters are known as Kannada Yogavahagalu (ಯೋಗವಾಹಗಳು). One of them is Anuswara and the other is Visarga.

Kannada alphabets have 34 consonants and these consonants are known as Kannada Vyanjanagalu (ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). These consonants are classified into two groups.

  1. Structured Consonants
  2. Unstructured Consonants

Structured Consonants has 25 letters and is known as Vargeeya Vyanjanagalu (ವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). Unstructured Consonants has 9 letters and is known as Avargeeya Vyanjanagalu (ಅವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). To learn the Kannada language, first we learn Kannada alphabets with their pronunciation in English and then learn Kannada alphabets with words and their English pronunciation with images.

Kannada alphabets

Kannada Vowels - Swaragalu (ಸ್ವರಗಳು )

Kannada alphabets have 13 vowels and these vowels are known as Kannada Swaragalu (ಸ್ವರಗಳು). Here we learn Kannada vowels and their pronunciation in English.

VOWELS

ಸ್ವರಗಳು – swaragalu

a

aa

i

ii

u

uu

ru

e

ee

ai

o

oo

au

Yogavahagalu (ಯೋಗವಾಹಗಳು)

Kannada has 2 letters which are partly vowel and partly consonant. These 2 letters are known as Kannada Yogavahagalu (ಯೋಗವಾಹಗಳು). One of them is Anuswara and the other is Visarga.

Anuswara – ಅಂ am

Visarga – ಅಃ ah

Kannada Consonants - Vyanjanagalu (ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು)

Kannada alphabets have 34 consonants and these consonants are known as Kannada Vyanjanagalu (ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). These consonants are classified into two groups. They are Structured Consonants and Unstructured Consonants.

Structured Consonants - ವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು (Vargeeya vyanjanagalu)

Structured Consonants has 25 letters and is known as Vargeeya Vyanjanagalu (ವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). Here we learn Structured consonants and their pronunciation in English.

CONSONANTS

Structured Consonants

ವರ್ಗೀಯವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು – Vargeeya vyanjanagalu

ka

kha

ga

gha

na

ca

cha

ja

jha

na

ta

tha

da

dha

na

ta

tha

da

dha

na

pa

pha

ba

bha

ma

Unstructured Consonants - ಅವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು (Avargeeya Vyanjanagalu)

Unstructured Consonants has 9 letters and is known as Avargeeya Vyanjanagalu (ಅವರ್ಗೀಯ ವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು). Here we learn Unstructured consonants and their pronunciation in English.

CONSONANTS

Unstructured Consonants

ಅವರ್ಗೀಯವ್ಯಂಜನಗಳು – Avargeeya Vyanjanagalu

ya

ra

la

va

saa

sha

sa

ha

lla

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